The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) (P.L. 95-87, 91 Stat 445) is one of the most comprehensive federal regulations on land use. Congress passed the


This Act establishes a program for the regulation of surface mining activities and the reclamation of coal-mined lands, under the administration of the Office of Surface Mining, Reclamation and Enforcement, in the Department of the Interior. Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977; Long title: An Act to provide for the cooperation between the Secretary of the Interior and the States with respect to the regulation of surface coal mining operations, and the acquisition and reclamation of abandoned mines, and for other purposes. Originally passed in 1977, the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA; PL 95-87; 30 USC ch. 25; SMCRA) regulates strip or surface coal mining permits and coal mining area reclamations in the US. The Act is administered by the US Department of the Interior. SMCRA was a response to rapid expansion of surface coal mining in the late . Heimkinderverband deutschland radio. State laws and the Federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA). October 25, 1995 The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) (P.L. 95-87, 91 Stat 445) is one of the most comprehensive federal regulations on land use. Congress passed the SMCRA, which was signed by President Jimmy Carter, to "assure that the coal supply essential to the Nation's energy requirements, and . Wsb nowy sacz kontakt radio. – As the nation marks the 40th anniversary of the federal strip mine law, coal field residents are urging the federal government to make good on promises to reclaim mined land. Today marks 40 years since the signing of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA), which governs coal mining and reclamation operations nationwide. The . Second chance drawings illinois lottery pick. THE FEDERAL STRIP MINING ACT: ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION COMES TO THE COALFIELDS OF VIRGINIA *Edward Shawn Grandis "I have never seen such utter devastation, exploitation and de-struction of the land as I saw in Wise County [Virginia]." W. E. Guckert, Director of the Pennsylvania Bureau of Surface-Mine Reclamation, (After touring Virginia strip . The Surface Mining Reclamation and Control Act (SMCRA) estab­lishes minimum federal standards for the regulation of coal mining. Using the federal standards as a guide, each state where there is (or may be) surface coal mining may propose a state regulatory program to control mining. Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) P.L. 95-87, Enacted August 3, 1977 "An Act to provide for the cooperation between the Secretary of the Interior and the States with respect to the regulation of surface coal mining operations, and the acquisition and reclamation of abandoned mines, and for other purposes." Horse riding abu dhabi groupon. Mining and Reclamation Control Act of 1977 (the Act).4 The Act estab-lishes "a nationwide program to protect society and the environment from the adverse effects of surface coal mining operations"5 and envisions a two-stage regulatory program consisting of an interim and a permanent phase. The interim phase is controlled by federal regulations; the states control the permanent phase within . soiling, and revegetation. The cost of reclamation was then estimated for a given set of mine conditions. The effects on reclamation cost of different physical characteris­ tics of coal mines and requirements of the Federal Surface Mining Control and Recla­ mation Act of 1977 were also examined. The cost of reclamation under the condi­

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Federal Strip Mining Reclamation And Control Act

  • Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 Remarks ...
  • Environmental Law: The Surface Mining and Reclamation ...
  • The Federal Strip Mining Act: Environmental Protection ...
  • Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 ...
  • Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 Remarks ...

    And I know that many here have worked for 6 years, sometimes much longer, to get a Federal strip mining law which would be fair and reasonable, which would enhance the legitimate and much needed production of coal and, also, assuage the fears that the beautiful areas where coal is produced were being destroyed. The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) prohibits surface coal mining within the boundaries of any unit of the National Park System. SMCRA also provides the NPS with authority over permitting decisions regarding external surface coal mining.Numerous surface coal mining operations exist or are proposed near NPS units ...

    Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 - Wikipedia

    Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977; Long title: An Act to provide for the cooperation between the Secretary of the Interior and the States with respect to the regulation of surface coal mining operations, and the acquisition and reclamation of abandoned mines, and for other purposes. The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 is the primary federal law that regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the United States. SMCRA created two programs: one for regulating active coal mines and a second for reclaiming abandoned mine lands. SMCRA also created the Office of Surface Mining, an agency within the ... face Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977, is unparalleled.5 The Surface Mining Act thus offers an excellent tool for the study of the performance of the cooperative federalism model. This Article offers some insights into the successes and failures of cooperative federalism under the federal Surface Mining Act and

    Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA)

    – As the nation marks the 40th anniversary of the federal strip mine law, coal field residents are urging the federal government to make good on promises to reclaim mined land. Today marks 40 years since the signing of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA), which governs coal mining and reclamation operations nationwide. The ... The bureau is responsible for resolving problems such as mine fires, mine subsidence, dangerous highwalls, open shafts and portals, mining-impacted water supplies and other hazards which have resulted from past coal mining (pre-1977) practices in accordance with requirements established by the federal Office of Surface Mining under authority of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act. The General Mining Act of 1872 helped open the West by allowing individuals to obtain exclusive rights to mine billions of dollars worth of hardrock minerals, including gold, silver, copper, uranium, and other valuable mineral deposits on land belonging to the United States without having to pay a federal royalty.

    State laws and the Federal Surface Mining Control and ...

    State laws and the Federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA). October 25, 1995 CWA-based regulations cover such mining-related situations as the disposal of mining-related waters, the pumping or draining of mine water to the surface, storm water runoff in mining operation areas, and control of seeps from mine tailings impoundments. Toxic Substances Control Act (TSCA) Wyoming reclamation laws pre-dated the federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) of 1977. The Open Cut Land Reclamation Act of 1969 and the subsequent Environmental Quality Act of 1973 provided a regulatory framework for state oversight of surface mining, and, in particular, coal mining.

    Reformism: The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act ...

    The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 is the primary federal law that regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the United States. SMCRA created two programs: one for ... SURF ACE MINING CONTROL AND RECLAMATION ACT OF 1975 MAy 2, 1975.-0rdered ·to be printed Mr. UDALL, from the commitW6 of conference, submitted the following CONFERENCE REPORT [To accompany H.R. 25] The committee of conference on the disagreeing votes of the two Houses on the amendment of the Senate to the bill ( H.R. 25) to provide

    Environmental Law: The Surface Mining and Reclamation ...

    Mining and Reclamation Control Act of 1977 (the Act).4 The Act estab-lishes "a nationwide program to protect society and the environment from the adverse effects of surface coal mining operations"5 and envisions a two-stage regulatory program consisting of an interim and a permanent phase. The interim phase is controlled by federal regulations; the states control the permanent phase within ... APES Laws and Treaties. STUDY. Flashcards. Learn. Write. Spell. Test. PLAY. Match. Gravity. Created by. redgal101 PLUS. Terms in this set (24) Surface Mining Control & Reclamation Act (SMCRA) -Year?- 1977. Surface Mining Control & Reclamation Act (SMCRA) -Worldwide?-Domestic. Surface Mining Control & Reclamation Act (SMCRA) -Summary?-establishes a nationwide program to protect society and the ...

    Laws, Regulations, and Guidance - Office of Surface Mining

    Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) P.L. 95-87, Enacted August 3, 1977 "An Act to provide for the cooperation between the Secretary of the Interior and the States with respect to the regulation of surface coal mining operations, and the acquisition and reclamation of abandoned mines, and for other purposes." We, the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSM), are announcing receipt of a proposed amendment to the Iowa regulatory program (Iowa program) under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA or the Act). Iowa proposes to revise its regulatory program by updating its adoption by reference of applicable ...

    Hodel v. Virginia Surface Mining :: 452 U.S. 264 (1981 ...

    Hodel v. Virginia Surface Mining, 452 U.S. 264 (1981) Hodel v. Virginia Surface Mining & Reclamation Association, Inc. No. 79-1538. Argued February 23, 1981. Decided June 15, 1981* 452 U.S. 264. Syllabus. A preenforcement challenge to the constitutionality of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (Act) was presented in a Federal District Court action wherein the plaintiffs ... also Comment, “A Summary of the Legislative History of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 and the Relevant Legal Periodical Literature,” 81 W. Va. L. Rev. 775 (1979). It is also noteworthy that interest in federal regulation of surface coal mining existed

    Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act - SourceWatch

    The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) is the primary federal law that regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the United States.. SMCRA created two programs: one for regulating active coal mines and a second for coal mine reclamation of abandoned mine lands. SMCRA also created the Office of Surface Mining, an agency within the U.S. Department of the ... Opponents of strip mining won passage of the federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act in 1977. It regulated but did not outlaw surface mining, which was often more economical than deep mining.The act specifically allowed mountaintop removal, but only as an exception when the resulting flat land would be used for development.

    Reclamation Costs of strip-mined land in Western North Dakota

    soiling, and revegetation. The cost of reclamation was then estimated for a given set of mine conditions. The effects on reclamation cost of different physical characteris­ tics of coal mines and requirements of the Federal Surface Mining Control and Recla­ mation Act of 1977 were also examined. The cost of reclamation under the condi­ Citizen Rights under Alabama Surface Mining Laws . In 1977, Congress passed The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act [SMCRA] giving citizens the opportunity to protect their rights and to play a vital role in the implementation and enforcement of mining laws in their communities.

    Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (1977 ...

    The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) (P.L. 95-87, 91 Stat 445) is one of the most comprehensive federal regulations on land use. Congress passed the SMCRA, which was signed by President Jimmy Carter, to "assure that the coal supply essential to the Nation's energy requirements, and ... 1 1 The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (91 Stat. 445) consists of the Act of August 3, 1977, and subsequent amenments thereto (30 U.S.C. 1201 & following). SURFACE MINING CONTROL AND RECLAMATION ACT OF 19771 [Public Law 95–87] The federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 was said to have been modeled on Pennsylvania’s surface coal mining program. Yet, paradoxically, the federal act substantially improved the effectiveness of Pennsylvania’s program. This article explains that the new program in Pennsylvania has been responsible for substantial ...

    The Federal Strip Mining Act: Environmental Protection ...

    THE FEDERAL STRIP MINING ACT: ENVIRONMENTAL PROTECTION COMES TO THE COALFIELDS OF VIRGINIA *Edward Shawn Grandis "I have never seen such utter devastation, exploitation and de-struction of the land as I saw in Wise County [Virginia]." W. E. Guckert, Director of the Pennsylvania Bureau of Surface-Mine Reclamation, (After touring Virginia strip ... Strip Mining in Maryland and the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act Introduction The creation of public policy in the United States often involves the conflict of competing interests. The national coal pol­ icy is no exception. While Americans recog­ nize the value of coal as an energy resource, Get this from a library! Evaluation of the analysis supporting President Ford's veto of H.R. 25, the Surface mining control and reclamation act of 1975, Department of the Interior, Federal Energy Administration : report to the Congress. [United States. General Accounting Office.]

    Regulating coal mining and reclamation in the U.S. - SMCRA and OSMRE

    Although the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act, one of the decades's major environmental measures, became law August 3, 1977, and became effective last May, the surface-mining office was ... The Federal Surface Mining Control & Reclamation Act was passed requiring states to regulate surface coal mining and establishing the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund to pay for the reclamation of abandoned mine lands by putting a fee on each ton of coal mined.

    Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA, US ...

    Originally passed in 1977, the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA; PL 95-87; 30 USC ch. 25; SMCRA) regulates strip or surface coal mining permits and coal mining area reclamations in the US. The Act is administered by the US Department of the Interior. SMCRA was a response to rapid expansion of surface coal mining in the late ... The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) is the primary federal law that regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the United States.SMCRA created two programs: one for regulating active coal mines and a second… Over the last 3 years, EPA, the federal Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement, among other federal agencies, have expressed significant concerns about the ongoing capacity of DEP to enforce minimum federal requirements of primacy for its safe drinking water, water quality, surface mining and water infrastructure funding programs.

    Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act

    This Act establishes a program for the regulation of surface mining activities and the reclamation of coal-mined lands, under the administration of the Office of Surface Mining, Reclamation and Enforcement, in the Department of the Interior. FEDERAL LAW On August 3, 1977, the U. S. Congress passed a comprehensive strip-mine reclama-tion bill entitled, "Surface Mining Control and consequences of reclamation laws therefore is Reclamation Act of 1977," Public Law 95-87, of considerable importance for future energy which went into effect January 1, 1979. This The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) is the primary federal law that regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the United States. SMCRA created two programs: one for regulating active coal mines and a second for reclaiming abandoned mine lands.

    Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 ...

    Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977; Long title: An Act to provide for the cooperation between the Secretary of the Interior and the States with respect to the regulation of surface coal mining operations, and the acquisition and reclamation of abandoned mines, and for other purposes. The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 The widespread degradation of land and water resources caused by strip mining for coal — and the failure of the states to effectively regulate the industry themselves — resulted in the passage of the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 or SMCRA.

    Chapter 3: A Brief Review of SMCRA - The Strip Mining Handbook

    The Surface Mining Reclamation and Control Act (SMCRA) estab­lishes minimum federal standards for the regulation of coal mining. Using the federal standards as a guide, each state where there is (or may be) surface coal mining may propose a state regulatory program to control mining. A: No, the AML Inventory only contains problems eligible for reclamation using the Abandoned Mine Reclamation Fund. Only coal-related problems caused by mining prior to the enactment of Surface Mining Control Reclamation Act (SMCRA) that meet the first two objectives set out in SMCRA, Priorities 1 and 2, have been systematically inventoried ...

    Surface mining and reclamation effects on flood response ...

    The Surface Mine Control and Reclamation Act (SMCRA) of 1977 [U.S. Congress, 1977] requires mine operators to return surface mined sites to the approximate premining contours and to acceptable LULC. This is performed by replacing the overburden and then the topsoil using large earthmovers, followed by vegetation planting or reseeding. Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act. Requires coal strip mines to reclaim land . Federal Water Pollution Control Act. Authorized by the surgeon general, the act prepares programs to eliminate and reduce the pollution of interstate water and improves the sanitary condition of surface and underground waters. National Park Act. Preserves areas of nature and wilderness for future ...

    Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement ...

    We, the Office of Surface Mining Reclamation and Enforcement (OSMRE), are notifying the public that we intend to grant funds to eligible applicants for purposes authorized under the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) Title IV Abandoned Mine Land (AML) Reclamation Program and Title V Regulatory Program. The federal Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act was signed into law on August 3,1977 to regulate surface coal mining and reclamation nationwide. The law provided states the opportunity to develop state coal programs and assume primacy over the coal program from the federal government. Alaska chose to administer the program and the Alaska ...

    Mine reclamation - Wikipedia

    Mine reclamation is the process of restoring land that has been mined to a natural or economically usable state. Although the process of mine reclamation occurs once mining is completed, the planning of mine reclamation activities occurs prior to a mine being permitted or started. 4. Outline the Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act. -The Surface Mining Control and Reclamation Act of 1977 (SMCRA) is the primary federal law that regulates the environmental effects of coal mining in the United States. SMCRA created two programs: one for regulating active coal mines and a second for reclaiming abandoned mine lands. The ...

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